What documents do you need to buy a property in Spain? Follow the advice of Sun Lawyers to obtain the NIE number

Spain is a nice country to live. There are many foreigners who choose this country as a residence thanks to its pleasant temperatures, its wonderful beaches, many historical places, its delicious cuisine, a rich culture and an extraordinary health system. What are you waiting for to start a new life under the sun? Once you have decided, you need to find a house through a real estate agency and hire a lawyer to help you through the process. These are the essencial keys that Sun Lawyers offers you to buy a property in Spain without any problem.


First of all, if you are not still in Spain, maybe you should consider applying for a power of attorney so that your lawyer can act on your behalf and help you. But what are the essential documents you need to buy a property in Spain? Before you start looking at dreamy houses you should get your NIE number. This document is an official certificate in A4 format that contains your name, date of birth, place and country of birth and also your NIE number. That is ‘Número de Identificación de Extranjero’, which means ‘Identification Number for Foreigners’. It is similar to the DNI of Spanish citizens (National Document of Identification). It contains a unique number and is only given to foreigners. Also it will appear in your Spanish residency card when you apply for it. When buying and selling properties, the NIE number is necessary to contract water and electricity services, council registrations and pay the corresponding taxes.



To request your NIE number you can go to any Spanish National Police stations which have a foreign affairs division or to the Spanish embassy or consulate located in your country of origin. If you can not go in person, you can also complete the process through power of attorney. The requirements to apply for the NIE number may vary between Spanish regions, consulates and embassies. However, you will always be asked to fill out an official form, present a valid ID and pay at the bank a small government fee.


Keep in mind that a NIE number is extremely useful to operate in Spanish society. In addition to buying or selling a property, you will need this certificate to get a job or become self-employed, to legally create a business, to buy or to sell a car, to pay taxes or even to open a bank account. But it is not enough to have a NIE number to be a Spanish resident. The Spanish residency card is obtained in a more complex process. To apply for it you must spend more than 90 days in Spain, but it is not necessary having an NIE number in advance. The application of the Spanish residency card creates a new NIE number if you have never applied for one before.



It is important to know that the NIE number is not equivalent to the Spanish DNI. This means that the NIE number certificate will not be accepted in general as to a valid identification document on its own and it will be used along with a form of valid ID or passport. Also, if you lose or your NIE number or the Spanish residency card they can not be replaced readily. In this case it will be necessary going through the same procedure all over again, from the beginning. So be very careful with your documentation!


If you would like to know more details about getting your NIE number, get in touch with Sun Lawyers. Their attorneys will attend you kindly in Spanish or English, offering personal attention suitable to your needs. If you prefer you can send them an email (, call them by phone (+34 96 532 11 93) or check their website ( and their Facebook profile ( Its main office is in Cabo Roig at 9 Cielo Street, ground floor 3. In addition, they also have offices in Jávea, Campoamor, Playa Flamenca, La Zenia and Calpe.

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