The psoas muscle may be the cause of your pain!

The psoas muscle, also known as ‘the hip flexor’. Possibly one of the more important muscles in our body.


Stability, power and control

This muscle directly connects the upper and lower body in a way no other muscles do. It affects our posture and it plays a vital part in stabilising the spine. The psoas muscle is involved in most movements and activities, as well as when you sit on your ‘bum’ doing very little. It is known as ‘the hip flexor’ as its main function, apart from its stabilising role, is to bend the hip bringing the knee forward/closer to the chest.


Typical symptoms as a result of a psoas problem

  • Back pain
  • Pain in the buttock
  • Pain in the groin or front of the hip
  • Knee or leg pain
  • Difference in leg length
  • Increased arch in the lower back
  • Pain in the genital area
  • Stomach and intestinal function
  • Cramps
  • Poor breathing pattern
  • General tiredness (the psoas influence blood circulation in the stomach region)


Possible reasons for a psoas problem.

  • Sitting to much
  • Poor posture
  • Lack of exercise or to much exercise (particularly if the technique is bad)
  • Sleeping in fetal position
  • Stress!


Weak, tight or short

Is it weak because of lack of use, or is it weak because it is tight? Often, we see both. Sitting all day means the muscle is not exercised and in the sitting position the muscle is shortened and may end up tight with reduced flexibility/elasticity. If posture is bad it is even more likely to be affected.


How to strengthen the psoas muscle


As always, it is very important to have a thorough examination to identify the underlying cause and get the correct diagnosis. This will tell you whether the muscle needs treatment, stretches or strengthening. Maybe it will need all three to get the quickest and best result.



  • Avoid sitting to much or for extended periods
  • Posture! Sit correctly, if necessary use lumbar support
  • Exercise to your level
  • Stretches
  • Professional treatment
  • Reduce stress


This muscle is very long and most of it is located very deep. It is not ‘easy’ to treat, but with the right techniques it can respond very quickly and symptoms resolved! Want to know more about Physioplus treatments? They can help you with your chronic pain or your sport injury, such as those produced while playing golf. For more information, please visit their website and find them on social media.




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